Pipe support is one of the important and an integral part of the piping system which have the main job to control the weight effect of the piping system and make sure that the piping system will be properly supported during the entire of its operation at any conditions.
There was a saying that good pipe support design begins with good piping layout.
Add one more thing: good piping layout along with good pipe support design will improve piping flexibility and ensure the good piping stress analysis outcome. This can be done by taking into account the pipe support and piping stress requirements during the early stage of designing a piping layout.
One of the example is that piping layout shall be be routed, as much as possible, to utilize the surrounding structure to provide economical and easy points of support while maintaining the adequate flexibility if possible.
In this course, we will be learning about the type of Pipe Support commonly used at Oil and Gas Facilities in the Oil and Gas Industry and will divide into 4 lessons:
Selecting material for piping and its components requires some knowledge in material characteristics in order to ensure that piping and its component must be suitable for the flow medium and the proposed operating condition of temperature and pressure so that would be safely operated during the intended design life of the piping.
Pipe material must also has got the mechanical strength appropriate for the long term service, able to sustain operational variable such as thermal cycling or mechanical cycling, as well as considering the environmental condition surrounding the pipe and its components.
One other thing needs to be considered is the fabricability characteristics such as the ability to be bent or formed, suitability for welding or other methods of joining, ease of heat treatment, just to name a few.
In this course, we will be discussing about three properties of pipe:
- Physical Properties
- Mechanical Properties
- Electrical Properties
Being able to perform Piping Stress Analysis either using Computer Program such as CAESAR II, or AUTOPIPE, or even to do some manual calculation, requires some understanding of basic knowledge in piping stress analysis such as, what is Piping Stress Analysis? Why do we need to do stress analysis? What kind of skill or knowledge that we need to know in order to be able to do such a job?
Before we answer those questions, however, there are things that we should have known prior to that, for example, the knowledge about some basics piping stuff, such as piping material, pipe sizes and schedule, pipe fittings, and pipe support, which is given in my separate courses, with the title of Piping Engineering for Beginners. If you have not gone thru that course, or you still in doubt, my advice is to visit the course and get to know that stuff, before you proceed with this course.
This course was prepared based on my real practical experience performing Stress Analysis of piping systems for Oil and Gas Projects such as LNG Project, Gas Plant Project, Petrochemical Project, Oil Refinery Project, Geothermal Project for over 29 years of experience. Although this course mainly and especially for beginners, but this could be a kind of refreshment for the experienced guy.
This course will divide into Seven (7) lessons starting with the function and method of stress analysis, followed by the understanding of the internal pressure design of piping, Allowable Stress, Stress Category, Pressure and Temperature use for analysis, Initial nozzle movement, pipe loading combinations, Allowable load, and some of stress consideration need to be aware of during performing Stress Analysis.
Please click first lesson below to start your learning.
The design of a piping system has been known since centuries ago when people from China utilized bamboo as a means to bring the water from the source to the paddy field. History also stated that the people from Indus Valley had been using a piping system to deliver the water into the houses. Don’t forget to mention the people from Egypt who bring the water from The Nile River for irrigation purposes.
In modern life, piping has been used to transport water from sources to the distribution points and then eventually end up at our houses. Piping also being used to transport oil from the wells to the gathering point and then to the Refinery Plant for further processing, before sending it to the end-user.
Ok. So piping is important, we know now. But what exactly piping is? What do you call as piping? More importantly, what is a piping system? Is that pipe only? or pipe with something else? We will find out soon below.
According to Mohinder L. Nayar in his famous Piping Handbook, Seventh Edition, we call a piping system if we have a set of pipes along with other components and accessories with the same sets of design condition and which interconnected each other. The piping system shall consist of pipes, flanges, fittings, bolting, gaskets, and other piping components, as well as pipe support.
So, when the pipe joined with fittings, such as elbows, reducers, and then connected to flanges, valves, and properly supported by pipe supports, then we can call as piping.
In this course, we will learn about the piping system which normally used in Oil and Gas Industry. We will start briefly about pipe material, pipe size and schedule, pipe fittings, flanges, gasket, bolt, and nuts, which divided into 4 lessons: